Let’s learn how to say ‘I, you, he, she and it’ in Arabana.
In this lesson we will be learning how to say ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘here’ and ‘there’, as well as learning how to talk about the location of people and things. When you have been through the lesson and listened to the recordings, download this sheet and fill out the labels for the locations and directions.
This and that
In Arabana there is more than one way of saying ‘I, you, he, she and it’.
Here is the first set of Arabana pronouns. These are called nominative pronouns.
karla means 'creek', ngadlarra means 'sandy', -purru means ‘having’.
madla means 'dog', awarda means 'that' and thangkarda means 'sitting down'.
Nharla means 'man or person', akuru means 'that over there' and tharkarnda means 'standing up'.
Kardiri means 'hill or mountain' and akarda means 'that far over there'.
Antha means 'I' and nhikirnda-nganha means 'from here'.
Awarnda means 'there', -ru means 'from' and yukaka means 'came'.
Marree-warra is the name of the town one is going to, yukarnda means 'going'.
Paya means 'birds' and nyinta-nga means 'in tree'.
Mingka means 'hole or burrow'.
NOTE:When talking about the location of something you need to use a verb (action word). If the animal, person or thing you are talking about is not doing an action (for example, going or flying), you need to instead use a verb which means ‘being’. In English, we use words like ‘is, am, are’ to mean ‘being, existing’. Arabana uses thangkarda sitting, tharkarnda standing and idnhirnda lying in a similar way to this. The ‘being’ verb you use will relate to the shape or movement of the person or thing you are talking about, for example a snake will be idnhirnda lying somewhere, whereas a kangaroo might be tharkarnda standing somewhere.