Let’s learn how to say ‘I, you, he, she and it’ in Arabana.
Refer to the glossary at the end of this lesson to learn the meaning of some of grammatical terms used in this lesson. You can also hover over the highlighted words to see their definitions.
In Arabana there is more than one way of saying ‘I, you, he, she and it’.
Here is the first set of Arabana pronouns. These are called nominative pronouns.
Here is the second set of Arabana pronouns. These are called ergative pronouns.
You will need to choose the right pronoun when you are making sentences in Arabana.
Here's an explanation about how to know which pronouns to use in a sentence.
If the action word (verb) in the sentence is intransitive and does not need any other word (object) in order to make sense, then you will use the nominative pronoun.
No object needs to follow the action word (verb) wadlampurru ‘hungry’ in order for the sentence to make sense.
If the action word (verb) in the sentence is transitive and has to be accompanied by another word (object) in order to make sense, then you will use the ergative pronoun.
The action word (verb) tharnirnda ‘eat’ must be accompanied by the object puntyu ‘meat’ in order to makes sense.
The sentence anpa tharnirnda? (are you eating?) does not make sense in Arabana.
Here are some example sentences using the nominative and the ergative pronouns.
Yukarnda ‘going’ and tharnirnda ‘eating’ are both action words (verbs).
Puntyu ‘meat’ is the object in the ergative sentences.
Looking at the sentences below, can you tell which sentences are using the nominative pronouns, and which are using the ergative pronouns?